US women Begin pregnancy with diets that are poor

(Reuters Health) – Most women have inferior diets around the time of conception that might increase the probability of pregnancy complications such as excess weight gain, high blood pressure, impaired fetal growth and preterm deliveries, as a U.S. research suggests.

During the three months throughout conception, the analysis found that women got roughly one-third of their energy out of calories such as alcohol and foods loaded with fats and sugars. Their best sources of energy were pasta, soda, cookies, cake, bread, beer, spirits and wine.

“In particular, the fact that soda has been the primary source of calories has been concerning,” said lead study author Lisa Bodnar, a public health researcher at the University of Pittsburgh.

“Soda provides basically no nutrition,” Bodnar said via email. “But it is something that may be substituted with plain water or other non-caloric beverages to eliminate those extra calories that could be leading to obesity.”

As an example, researchers analyzed data from dietary questionnaires completed by 7,511 women when they’re pregnant, 6 to 14 months. Participants were also asked to recall what they ate about conception, then researchers saw women’s diets with as much as 100 points for after every part of healthy diet plans.

In general researchers at the Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics’ Academy.

Close to attaining an perfect diet than the black or Hispanic women in the 21, however white women got. About a quarter of white women scored from the top-fifth, together with scores typically about 79, while just 14 percent of Hispanic women and 4.6 percent of black women were at this healthiest-diet class.

Among the girls education degrees tended to go along with higher-quality diets.

It is possible the racial and ethnic differences in dietary quality can help clarify differences in birth and pregnancy outcomes for women of color, who have higher rates of complications such as premature birth and fetal growth compared to women, Bodnar said.

1 limitation of this study is the fact that it relied to correctly recall and report on which they ate before pregnancy, the authors notice. The analysis isn’t a controlled experiment designed to demonstrate that eating or avoiding certain things might help determine the possibility of pregnancy complications.

In addition, it is possible that the women were reporting eating customs rather than before pregnancy or even explaining healthier diets than they really had because they were already pregnant when they completed the polls, stated Dr. Emily Oken, a general health and nutrition researcher at Harvard University in Boston who was not involved in the study.

Women should be sure they’re currently consuming a diet that is healthy three or more months before they attempt to keep this diet and conceive. Including preventing soda and sugary drinks as well as eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean protein and low carb dairy, Bodnar said.

1 place women can go for guidance is the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s MyPlate Daily Checklist, she included (http://bit.ly/2b9ygoS).

Nutrition is vital, but it is just 1 facet of health women need to attempt and concentrate on before getting pregnant, Oken said through email.

“It is vitally important that women enter pregnancy with healthy levels of characteristics that are associated with diet and nutrition – adequate nutrient intake, healthful weight, normal blood pressure, and standard blood glucose,” Oken said. “These variables are important for long-term maternal health, as well as child health, and the very early pregnancy interval is particularly critical.”

SOURCE: http://bit.ly/2mU6u3T Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, online March 17, 2017.

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